Sheetflow Erosion Control Erosion Control for the CESCL

May 2, 2021

Do You Need a Tire Wash?

Filed under: Article — Tags: , , , — Sheetflow @ 7:46 pm

Driving through a tire wash during 3rd runway construction at SeaTac International Airport in 2006.
Photo: David Jenkins-Sheetflow Erosion Control

Why do you Need a Tire Wash?

Here are some reasons for a project designer to consider:

  1. You’re going to do earthwork in the wet season;
  2. Neighbors are watching what you are doing;
  3. Your project is controversial;
  4. You are cleaning up a contaminated site;
  5. You have a lot of truck and vehicle traffic driving through dirt and mud;
  6. Construction vehicles exit onto busy, public roads.

December 18, 2020

Prepare for Fall and Winter Rains by Preventing Erosion

This is a blast from the past. I think I wrote this in 1996 with I was the first State-wide Erosion Control Coordinator at the Washington State Dept. of Transportation.

Preventing erosion is the best preparation.  Here are some things to consider when you prepare for fall and winter rains:

Cover bare soil. Final grades can be covered with hydroseed, erosion blankets, topsoil, bark or whatever final cover is planned for the project.

Get your hydroseed contractor lined up now and avoid the October rush.

Don’t open up more than a few acres after September 1st.

Grades that aren’t being actively worked can be covered with straw at a rate of 3000 pounds per acre. This is a very cheap and effective way to protect bare soil from raindrop impacts and erosion. Hand seed before spreading the straw. Spray it with water to help hold it in place.

Track your slopes with a Cat: up and down slope, not across slope. The first helps prevent erosion, the second speeds it up.

Use flex pipe drains at bridge ends if your permanent drainage system and curbs are not in place. Collect the water from the bridge using sand bags and divert it to the pipe. Make sure the pipe is long enough to reach the bottom of the slope.

Another good way to prepare for fall and winter rains is to use a water truck and water seeded areas weekly to get quicker growth. The better the growth going into winter the better.

If you have to open up a large area, only clear and grub small areas. You can clear larger areas if you don’t grub. Roots and slash help protect the bare soil.

Walk the site looking only at erosion controls, thinking ahead of areas that could have a problem. Identify them and start making additions and corrections.

Locate all existing water flows in and around your project and find out where they drain to.

Think about maintenance and regular inspection of erosion controls. When are silt fences going to be inspected and who does it? Who removes mud from check dams? Who covers slopes with straw or other mulch?

Get materials on site now. Again beat the rush for materials in October and November when everyone is in a panic to get plastic and straw. Stockpile enough straw, plastic, silt fence, flex pipe, sand bags, seed, rock, now to cover all areas that are bare.

Set up emergency procedures now. Who should be called in emergencies? Do you have a Certified Erosion and Sediment Control Lead (CESCL)? Brief your personnel on what to do if they see muddy water and who to go to.
Make sure that erosion control material installers know proper installation methods.

Make sure all your silt fence is installed on contour with the ends flared up slope a few feet. If it is not on contour, identify the lowest points of the fence as these will be the failure spots. Install a double row of silt fence at these low spots before you have a failure. Double up your silt fence in areas where eroding slopes could flow into wetlands or streams.

Do you have bare spots where previous seeding hasn’t grown? Cover it with seed and straw if the area is small, remobilize the hydroseeder for larger areas.

Make sure all catch basins within the project boundary are protected with inserts, fence surrounds, or other methods to keep mud out. Locate any catchbasins outside project boundaries that may receive water from your site and protect them.

Make sure that you have a copy of the  Temporary Erosion and Sediment Control plan (TESC) and any grading or environmental permits on site in the job shack. Know what they say. Give each inspector a copy of the TESC to keep in their truck. These are working copies that can be adapted to site conditions.

Modify your permanent stormwater ponds into temporary sediment ponds by installing a standpipe and blocking the outlet with sand bags. Cut a few small holes in the standpipe to allow for slow release of water. You can also use perforated pipe as the standpipe and hold it in place with “T” posts, wire, and gravel piled up around it.

Use geotextile fabric as a temporary ditch lining to protect bare soil from erosion. Hold the fabric in place with rock check dams, wooden stakes, or sand bags.

Make sure that all check dams are installed so that the top center point is lower than the bottom end points. This prevents end-cutting. You may have to add more material to the dam to increase the width, especially on wide ditches with shallow grade side slopes.

Now you know how to prepare for fall and winter rains: Prevent Erosion

December 4, 2020

Extruded Asphalt Berms

Here are a few examples of extruded asphalt berms or curbs:

Presentation: David Jenkins

This berm keeps clean water from draining off the asphalt to the right into the work area to the left. If the clean water was allowed into the work area, the contractor would have much more dirty water to deal with.

Presentation: David Jenkins

This is another example of using asphalt to keep clean runoff from entering the work area.

Presentation: David Jenkins

In this project, we are removing and replacing the asphalt surface on the left. The asphalt curb is used to keep the dirty runoff on the right from entering the work area. Candlesticks are used to delineate the project boundary and keep vehicles from driving over the berm.

December 3, 2020

Some More Asphalt Berms

Here are some more asphalt berms:

Presentation: David Jenkins

This contractor surrounded an excavation with asphalt berms to direct clean water away from the work and keep dirty water inside the work area. There is a pump behind the sand bags on the right to pump dirty water back into the project. Note the berm that directs street runoff directly to the catch basin.

Presentation: David Jenkins

This contractor has used a hot mix asphalt berm to separate the work area from the roadway to the right. All water and sediment is directed to the pump across the access road which sends the water to a stormwater treatment system.

December 2, 2020

Asphalt Berm

Presentation: David Jenkins

This is a cold patch asphalt berm used to contain high pH water from a concrete crushing operation.

Presentation: David Jenkins

Hot mix asphalt used to contain project water and direct it to a sump and pump. The water was pumped to a header pipe that was connected to a chitosan-enhanced treatment system.

November 14, 2020

Inspecting Bonded Fiber Matrix Part 4

This is the fourth video in a series showing what to look for when inspecting bonded fiber matrix.

Video: David Jenkins-Sheetflow Erosion Control

November 13, 2020

Inspecting Bonded Fiber Matrix Part 3

This is the third video in a series showing what to look for when inspecting bonded fiber matrix.

Video: David Jenkins-Sheetflow Erosion Control

November 12, 2020

Inspecting Bonded Fiber Matrix Part 2

This is the second video in a series showing what to look for when inspecting bonded fiber matrix.

Video: David Jenkins-Sheetflow Erosion Control

November 11, 2020

Inspecting Bonded Fiber Matrix Part 1

Video: David Jenkins-Sheetflow Erosion Control

This is the first in a series showing what to look for when inspecting bonded fiber matrix.

October 28, 2020

Gas Can in Trash Can

Photo: David Jenkins-Sheetflow Erosion Control

Does this gas can in a trash can meet the requirements of secondary containment? I would say yes because the trash can has more volume than the gas can.

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